ECO-LOGICAL TECHNOLOGY
OZONE SYSTEMS-DOMESTIC AND INDUSTRIAL
Eco-Tec

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What Is, Why and Where to Use, Ozone?  

What is Ozone?
Ozone (03) is activated oxygen, nature's way of cleaning the air we breathe. It occurs naturally in the environment. Oxygen (02) generated by plant life is converted by ultraviolet radiation to ozone by binding a third oxygen atom to the normal two to form 03. Lightning also forms ozone during storms. The fresh sweet smell in the air after a thunderstorm is the smell of ozone. 

Ozone can be created on demand with an ozone generator, which converts the oxygen produced by our plant life, using the high-frequency corona discharge principle, applied in all of Eco-Tec's Equipment, to produce ozone just as lightning does during a thunderstorm. This principle is the most powerful man-made discovery to create activated oxygen or ozone, the Natural, purifying, cleansing medium. 

Why man-made?
Man needs natural products as raw materials now to improve safety and good health during manufacture and use of products on which he is dependant for long-term survival. Ozone fits these criteria. Ozone is generated on site and on demand to neutralise (oxidise) all substances harmful to humans like micro-organisms, viruses, bacteria, fungi and kills impurities and odours in the air and water. Ozone destruction is a non-selective process, which means that a given target cannot develop immunity or resistance to Ozone, which is the case with most antibiotics and medicines. When Ozone is used to clear the air of bacteria or water of germs, no 'unhealthy for humans' residues are left behind which is the case with chemicals.

How does it work?
Ozone lysis (disintegration of the cell wall) microbial cells. Ozone attacks unsaturated carbon=carbon double bonds in organic compounds. The cell membranes of many bacteria and algae are made up of lipids that contain a variety of unsaturated acids. Ozone controls odours and neutralises volatile organic compounds by breaking the chemical bonds between odour producing compounds, through oxidation.

There is no masking and disguising of the problem odour, chemical or virus/bacteria, it is destroyed completely by biological breakdown of its structure.

Why ozone?
Being a gas, ozone reaches where conventional cleaners/disinfectants cannot. Ozone destroys pollutants 3200 times faster than traditional oxidants like chlorine with no harmful by-products, since it reverts back to oxygen and carbon dioxide, both natural products.

 Applications:
Ozone is an internationally used oxidant for the neutralisation of bacteria, viruses, odours, bad tastes and odours in water, pollen and tobacco smoke, moulds, mildew, mite faeces and chemicals in the air we breathe or water we drink.

Some areas include-: 

¨      Indoor air quality in bars, restaurants, casinos, meeting rooms, hotel rooms, airports, public places, high rise buildings, supermarkets, homes, etc.

¨      Water treatment applications include fresh water supplies, wastewater, bottled water, laundry and car wash water, pools, aquariums, etc.  

¨      Hydroponics and tunnel farming, preserving and disinfection of fruits and vegetables in storage and pack houses, healthier environment for pigs, chickens and other animals raised in confined areas.  

¨      Flood & Fire restoration. Ozone is rapidly becoming the treatment method of choice for odour removal in fire restoration and flood recovery.  

¨      Chemical destruction/precipitation. Solvent odours from newly painted/Lacquered furniture, floors, interiors; vinyl floors and synthetic covers, other fabrics, insecticide fumes; dry cleaning fumes; arc welding fumes; delaying the ripening of fruits/vegetables and blooming of flowers (removal of ethylene), chemical pollutants in raw, process and waste-water, insecticide/pesticide residues, "black liquor " minerals, etc.

   
Several Recommended both Air and Water Related Applications:    
Airports, Boats, Fishing & Shipping, Butchery & Slaughter, Animals, Poultry in Confined Areas, Restaurants, Casinos, Fire & Flood Restoration, Food Storage & Distribution, Dairies, Gym, Sports Locker Rooms, Veterinary Surgeries Hospitals & Clinics, Clubs & Pubs, Agriculture, Grain, Feed Storage, Hotel Rooms, Doctors Consulting Rooms, Supermarkets, Trash Compactors, High-rise Buildings, Old Age Homes, Public Toilets, Compounds, the list goes on and on!!

OZONE GAS OUTSTANDING, SIGNIFICANT POINTS

1.    Naturally occurring gas. Part of Earth's Natural balance.

2.    Natural disinfectant, deodorizer, sanitizer and sterilizer.

3.    Kills all bacteria, viruses, mildew and fungi.

4.    Leaves no residue - start with nothing but air and end with nothing but purified air/water and job done, naturally.

5.    It's a penetrating gas, gets in where other disinfecting agents find inaccessible, surfaces, nooks and crannies, tools, implements, kitchen utensils, clothing, drapes, furnishing, bodies, etc.

6.    3000 X quicker than chlorine and 1.5 X stronger/more reactive and it's free!!!

7.    No buying, transporting and storing of dangerous chemicals (or cut down use of them.)

8.    Effective on cold tolerant viruses, etc. wet or dry conditions.

9.    Hygienic food preparation processing in the kitchen, fridge and storage areas, displays/catering areas.

10.   Food sterilization reduces spoilage, flavor mixing/cross-contamination    eliminated, prolongs shelf-life.

11.      Removes odours and cross-infection amongst staff and family (home/office/medical), smoke and liquor smells, toilets, bathrooms, kitchen, pets, babies, aged, accidents/spills, caravan, boats and more...

12.   Cleans washrooms, bathrooms, showers, cupboards, preventing mildew/fungi while it sterilizes and deodorizes. Leaves mattresses, towels, clothing, smelling fresh and sanitary.

13. Continuous generation therefore permanently at work, unlike chemicals which get coated and break down and leave toxic residue.

14. Ozone friendly/Green. Repair Nature naturally - she needs our help!

15.  Power consumption is negligible.

16.  Locally produced and serviced in South Africa.

17.  12v, 24v, 110v, 220v and solar panel.

   
Ozone Oxidising Potential Comparison

 

   
More Ozone Information General    
Ozone Properties

Molecular Formula:

Molecular Weight:
48

Colour:
Light blue /colourless

Solubility in Water (@ 0°C):
0.64

Density:
2.144 g/l

Electrochemical Potential:
2.07 Volts


The Smell of Ozone

Ozone at low concentrations (0.01 - 0.04 PPM) leaves a fresh and pleasant smell to a room.
Higher concentrations exhibit an “electrical” odour. This is typically smelled after a strong lighting
or rainstorm.


Half Life

As soon as ozone is formed, it starts to decay to oxygen. The half life is 2½ to 7 minutes
in most applications, depending on the ambient conditions. In cool, sterile environments the
half life can extend to 60 minutes. Higher temperatures lead to shorter half life.


Ozone Solubility

The solubility of ozone depends on the water temperature and the ozone concentration in the gas phase:

Units in mg/l or ppm

O³ Gas     5°C   10°C   15°C      20°C
1.5%   11.09     9.75    8.40   6.43
 
2%     14.79   13.00   11.19      8.57
 
3%    22.18   19.50      16.79      12.86

Oxidation Reduction Potential: CLICK HERE for more.

ORP is a term used frequently in the water treatment & food processing industry. ORP stands for Oxidation-Reduction Potential. So what is that? The best definition I can give is that “ORP is a measure of the cleanliness of the water & its ability to break down contaminants”. It has a range of -2,000 to + 2,000 and units are in “mV” (millivolts). Since ozone is an oxidizer, we are only concerned with positive ORP levels (above 0 mV).

Ozone owes its excellent bactericidal, viricide, and sporicidal activities to its powerful oxidizing properties. Ozone has an oxidation reduction potential of +2.07 volts as compared to HOCL (the active form of Chlorine in aqueous solution) which is +1.49 volts. It is reported to be 3000 times as germicidal as chlorine. It retains this strong oxidizing capability in aqueous solution, a property crucial for water disinfection and sterilization, as well as in high humidity air applications.

ORP sensors work by measuring the dissolved oxygen. More contaminants in the water result in less dissolved oxygen because the organics are consuming the oxygen and therefore, the lower the ORP level. The higher the ORP level, the more ability the water has to destroy foreign contaminants such as microbes, or carbon based contaminants.

The chart below identifies ORP levels for various applications:

ORP Level (mV) Application

0-150 No practical use

150-250 Aquaculture

250-350 Cooling Towers

400-475 Swimming pools

450-600 Spa Baths

600 Water Disinfection *

800 Water Sterilization **


* Disinfection is destruction of specific pathogenic microorganisms


** Sterilization is the destruction of all microbial life

How does an ORP Meter work? CLICK HERE for more.

An ORP meter measures very small voltages generated with a probe placed in ozonated water. The electrode is made of platinum or gold, which reversibly looses its electrons to the oxidizer. A voltage is generated which is compared to a silver (reference) electrode in a silver salt solution, similar to a pH probe. The more oxidizer available, the greater the voltage difference between the solutions.

Ozone compared to other gaseous disinfectants: CLICK HERE for more.

Gaseous disinfectants in common use are sulphur dioxide, formaldehyde, and in certain applications, hydrocyanic acid. It has been clearly demonstrated that ozone in equivalent concentrations exerts a much stronger bactericidal effect than any of the foregoing disinfectants. To obtain the same bactericidal effect concentration of 160 times the amount is required for sulphur dioxide, 37 times the amount for formaldehyde, and 1.7 times the amount for hydrocyanic acid gas.

Some specific compounds oxidized by Ozone:

Ammonia
Phenolics
Detergents
Kill bacteria on food or on contact surfaces
Fulvic Acid
Tannic Acids (plant-originated acids)
Sulfides
Cyanides
Spores of Molds (very effective)
Amoebae (very effective)
2.4D
Arsenic
DDT
Dioxins

Cigarette smoke: A puff of cigarette smoke contains 4 billion particles and more than 1500 compounds, ranging from light, reactive gases (deadly carbon monoxide is one), suspended chemical particulates and tars. Ozone destroys most of these products and even “burns” the lighter tars in the air and converts them to harmless carbon.
Haloforms: Strongly reduced by ozone. Large amounts of Aldehydes and Keytones are produced as a byproduct. With a reaction time of 10 to1440 minutes, the concentration of Aldehydes will be 8.5 times larger at a dosage of 1mg/l and 30.6 times larger at a dosage of 5 mg/l.

Perchlorate Biphenyls: With simultaneous ultraviolet irradiation it is even possible to subject PCBs, the successors of DDT, to oxidative decomposition.
Phenol
Trihalomethanes: toxic product of a chlorine, algae reaction
Trichlorophenol: 1.0 mg/l reduces 500 microgram Trichlorophenol and 5.0 mg/l reduces 2500 microgram

Effects on Bacteria and Viruses:

Bacteria are microscopically small, single-cell creatures having a primitive structure. They take up foodstuffs and release metabolic products, and multiply by division. The bacteria body is sealed by a relatively solid-cell membrane. Their vital processes are controlled by a complex enzymatic system. Ozone interferes with the metabolism of bacterium-cells, most likely through inhibiting and blocking the operation of the enzymatic control system. A sufficient amount of ozone breaks through the cell membrane, and this leads to the destruction of the bacteria.

Viruses are small, independent particles, built of crystals and macromolecules, Unlike bacteria, they multiply only within the host cell. They transform protein of the host cell into proteins of their own. Ozone destroys viruses by diffusing through the protein coat into the nucleic acid core, resulting in damage of the viral RNA. At higher concentrations, ozone destroys the capsid, or exterior protein shell by oxidation so DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) or RNA (ribonucleic acid) structures of the microorganism are affected. In fact, DNA and RNA breakdown products could be identified in this case.


Ozone can be used to detoxify cyanide wastes (for example from gold and silver mining) by oxidizing cyanide to cyanate and eventually to carbon dioxide.

Effects on Bacterial Aerosols:

Aerosols were produced by spraying bacterial suspensions at 20 lb/sq. in pressure and concentrations of bacteria were in the range of 50-500 viable organisms per liter of air. The killing effect of ozone was determined by comparing the curves for decay with, and without, ozone. Ozone concentrations ranged from 2.0 PPM (parts per million) down to 0.023 PPM. Tests were performed on three organisms; Streptococcus salivarius, Streptococcus 'C' and Staphylococcus albus. The role of humidity in the action of ozone, particularly when the gas is at low concentration, was apparent. At humidities less than 45%, ozone, even in high concentrations, exerts no appreciable disinfecting action on bacteria. For humidities above 50%, however, ozone reduced the bacteria count. In fact, ozone as low as (0.025 PPM showed definite bactericidal action at 60 to 80% humidity.

Bacteria that have settled on surface

Bacteria on surfaces constitute a potential infection danger as a source of infection through redispersal in the air or contact with skin or clothes. Tests were made to determine whether ozone has any disinfecting action on deposited bacteria. Bacteria were sprayed on various surfaces: agar in Petri dishes; Whatman filter paper; sterile glass Petri dishes and wool cloth. These were placed in known conditions of humidity (range 60-85%), temperature and ozone concentration. After being exposed, the bacteria were counted and compared with surfaces having bacteria not exposed to ozone. Ozone in a concentration of 0.02 PPM in a moderately humid atmosphere exercises a very definite killing effect against bacteria on surfaces, but below this level it has little effect.

The kill depends on (a) the "depth" and type of surface; so moist agar, Whatman #1 filter paper and wool cloth are more favorable to survival than glass or #50 Whatman paper; (b) resistance to ozone of different types of bacteria: Staphylococcus albus resistance is greater than Streptococcus Salivarius, which in turn is greater than B.prodigiosus.


More Facts on Ozone as Virucide:

Ozone, in concentrations up to 0.04 PPM in humid atmospheres exerts a disinfecting action on certain bacteria; streptococcus salivarius, Streptococcus 'C', Staphylococcus albus and B. prodigiosus. Tests on E. coli with up to 1 to 2 PPM in relatively dry air failed to destroy any organisms. This confirms ozone is a poor disinfectant at low humiditys. However, at humiditys above 60% tests confirmed pathogens can be destroyed by minute amounts of ozone. Increasing the moisture content of the environment favourably influences germicidal effect. This is brought about by swelling of microbes making them more susceptible to destruction.

The effect of ozone below a certain critical concentration value is small or zero. Above this level all pathogens are eventually destroyed. This effect is called all-or-none response and the critical level the "threshold value”.

There is a two-step process of inactivation or viruses. Period one lasts less than 10 seconds, during which time a kill rate of about 99% is achieved. Period two runs for several minutes to complete destruction. This phenomenon is independent of changes in ozone concentration between 0.07 and 2.5 mg/l.


Ozone Applications

Odour Control: CLICK HERE for more.

Ozone is unmatched as a deodorizer. Ozone has a strong characteristic odor even at very low concentrations. Its effect on the olfactory membrane makes it difficult or impossible to detect other odors when ozone is present. In low concentrations (0.01-0.02 PPM), ozone acts is a masking agent on most odors. Tests have demonstrated that room odors were undetectable even when ozone concentrations were less than 0.01 PPM.

Some very delicate odors are destroyed even at these low concentrations. However, to totally eliminate "heavy" odors higher concentrations of ozone are required to react with gases in the air and odors trapped in materials. Time to deodorize is determined by the quantity of the substance producing odor and the quantity of ozone available to react with it.

Ozone at a concentration of 0.1 PPM will destroy micro-organisms and eliminate most odors within 48 hours.

Odoriferous substances are susceptible to oxidation, but the addition or oxygen to a substance (oxidation) dues not always render it safe. For example, oxidation of allyl alcohol yields aldehyde acrolein, a very deadly gas. Safety considerations apply only to definite industrial odors and do not include animal wastes or putrefactive gases of animal or vegetable tissue. Putrefaction produces highly odorous substances such as amino, aromatic and fatty acids, indole, skatole, cresol. said also the alkaloid-like ptomaines, such as tetramethylene-diamine and pentamethylene-diamene, etc. The effect of ozone on these substances is that of combustion; i.e., the find products of the hydrocarbons being CO2 and water and those containing nitrogen, nitrogen pentoxide.

Where putrefaction occurs - the air from sewers, etc. - while highly odoriferous, contains but traces of these substances. The odors are easily and completely destroyed by ozone. Ozone has been used in San Francisco to deodorize a sewage pumping station when the pump screens had to be cleaned. A rat died in a wall of an office building and the odor penetrated several offices. The application of ozone completely destroyed the odor.

Single atoms of oxygen from the decomposition of ozone immediately oxidize odors. The lower the temperature and the larger the odor molecules, the weaker the oxidizing effect. Humidity lists no effect on this process, but does accelerate destruction of bacteria, viruses and fungi that may contribute to odor.


Sterilizing:

Ozone at ambient temperatures is the only substance which can be used as a total sterilizing agent and a substitute for high temperature. Pyrogens, byproducts of microbial growth that are toxic to humans, are not eliminated after normal autoclaving or dry heat sterilization. Pyrogens adhere firmly to surfaces of containers and are removed only after heating at very high temperatures for extended periods of time. Because pyrogenic material is a lipopolysaccharide, the unsaturated double bonds are easily oxidized by ozone. Therefore, ozone has a distinct advantage over other depyrogenation methods.

Use in Air Conditioning: CLICK HERE for more.

Moulds in ducts, filters and other parts of ventilating equipment, in basements and other damp places produce objectionable odors. In low concentrations ozone masks odors, giving a freshness to the air normally absent in recirculated air. Also with time and the right humidity conditions, ozone destroys bacteria and mold. Where possible, ozone should be introduced in sufficient quantity to mix with all the air when the building is unoccupied. With recirculation, this will build up a concentration sufficient not only to deodorize the air but thoroughly disinfect and sterilize the entire building and HVAC equipment. This will result in the reduction of molds, bacteria and decomposing organic material in the duct work and parts of the equipment that are inaccessible. This work should be completed and the ozone reduced to acceptable levels before the building is occupied again.

Effect of ozone on Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus - W.J. Kowalski. Penn State University: Controlled levels of ozone are used in Europe in air conditioning systems to deodorize and freshen air in theatres, shopping malls, offices, etc. Demand for make-up air is reduced as the recycle system furnishes air of sufficient purity. Body odours, cigarette smoke mid various unpleasant smells are removed. These gases are mostly hydrocarbons, together with hydrogen sulfide and are rapidly destroyed by ozone.

Our body automatically controls respiration. When air contains even minute and practically imperceptible quantities of disagreeable odors we involuntarily shorten out breathing. Even though rate of respiration may increase under such conditions, the total volume of oxygen taken into our lungs is reduced. This results in a mild form of autointoxication as wastes increase in the blood, and we feel lethargic and tired. In 1919, the first ozone machine was installed in the air duct of the O'Fallon School (St. Louis). The effects were so positive that ozonators were installed in thirteen old schools and three new ones. Teachers and administrators noted an improvement in the health of the children and a reduction in the number of colds.

The St. Louis Hygiene Department kept a record or all absences on account of illness, the nature of the disease and time lost. Two tests were conducted, one in the morning without ozone and one in the afternoon with ozone. Physicians from the Hygiene Department exposed agar dishes and delivered them to the City Bacteriologist for incubation and count. The afternoon test with ozone averaged half the bacteria count of the morning test when no ozone was used. Another test was conducted with 65% recirculated air. Recirculated air with ozone gave 36% less bacteria than 100% fresh air without ozone. Odours were entirely absent in the recirculated air test.


Health and Medicine: CLICK HERE for more.

"Exposure to ozone reduces influenza disease severity and alters distribution of influenza viral antigens in murine lungs."

This study was undertaken to assess the effects of exposure to ozone on the course of influenza virus infection. Mice were exposed to ozone or filtered air, or both, with aerosolized infection by influenza virus. It was found that animals exposed to ozone during infection showed a reduced severity of disease measured by decreased mortality and delayed time of death.

Ammonia, and to some degree hydrogen sulfide, affect pig performance directly (by altering metabolic reactions) and indirectly (by influencing pig health). Atmospheric ammonia was particularly damaging to young pigs infected with Ascaris suum. Ozone reduces harmful ammonia and hydrogen sulfide. Ozone converts ammonia (NH3) to harmless nitrogen and water vapor. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is broken down into water and sulphur dioxide, also a powerful disinfectant

Ozone Therapy:  CLICK HERE for more.

Ozone has been used successfully around the world for over 80 years to treat:

Cancer
AIDS
Diabetes
Stroke
Depression
Chronic Fatigue
Lupus
Fibromyalgia
and over 150 more diseases. In some clinics around the world, ozone therapy is the first agent given to each and every patient that enters the clinic regardless of their ailments. German ambulances even carry ozone generators for emergency use.

Ozone Therapy addresses the key issues in almost all disease conditions: oxygen delivery, circulation, and immune system function.

Types of Ozone Therapy include:

Ozone Sauna: normal sauna application where ozone is introduced in controlled amounts: CLICK HERE for more.

It is a relaxing and non-invasive approach to ozone therapy
It cleanses the skin, pores, and lymphatic system
The user will take advantage of 2 therapies at the same time: sweat therapy and ozone therapy (both individually with their own health benefits)
You feel clean, refreshed, and rejuvenated


Auricular Insufflations: irrigate the ear canal with the ozone / oxygen mixture from a medical ozone generator

relief of allergies
relief of colds
clearing of sore throats and swollen glands.

Vaginal Insufflation: a vaginal cannula is used to introduce the ozone gas to the patient

relief from yeast infections and various sexually transmitted diseases including herpes
Rectal Insufflation: the ozone gas is infused rectally using a urethral catheter
relief from colitis, bacterial infections, or bleeding


Body Suit: the ozone gas is infused into the body tight suit. suit is sealed at ankles and wrists

easiest and most pleasurable of the methods of using ozone
ozone is absorbed through the skin, cleansing the lymphatic system, and reportedly inducing the body wide effects of ozone
relief from colitis, bacterial infections, or bleeding


Bagging: method of isolating a body part by surrounding it with a bag (such as hand, arm, leg, foot, torso, pelvis, but NEVER head), and introducing ozone.

kills any bacteria, viruses, fungus, or molds infecting the open wound
increase blood flow to the wound, and stimulates the healing process.
It has been documented that many a body part has been spared amputation through the application of ozone in this method.


Major Autohemotherapy: This procedure is performed only by trained professionals, usually only in a clinic setting. Approximately 200cc of the patients blood is withdrawn into an evacuated bottle. The bottle is then hung upside down, and ozone gas (the same volume as the blood withdrawn) is infused into the bottle, usually at a concentration of 40ug/ml. The blood is then given back to the patient, much like a transfusion.

Major Autohemotherapy is the preferred method of many practitioners, and it is used in well over 150 diseases. In Germany, even the ambulances are equipped with ozone generators; if ozone is administered within 24 hours of a stroke, 95% of patients suffer no permanent paralysis.


Ozonated Olive Oil: Ozonated Olive Oil is used around the world for a variety of uses: CLICK HERE for MORE
acne
skin lesions
burns
fungal infections (eg. of the toe nail)
herpes
eczema
leg sores
bed sores
gingivitis
hemorrhoids
STD's
cold sores and many others.
This appears to be the only way to stabilize ozone without adding artificial stabilizers, chemicals, or preservatives. Ozone is bubbled at very high concentrations, under a controlled environment for days until it slowly begins to solidify. This solid form of olive oil forms a Vaseline or salve like substance and will keep for many months on the shelf. If kept refrigerated, it maintains its full effectiveness almost indefinitely.

Some individuals even choose to ingest ozonated olive oil in order to obtain the system wide effects of using ozone medically.


Use in Product and Fresh Produce Storage: CLICK HERE for more.

Ozone has been used in food preservation since 1909. Storage places, warehouses & refrigerated lockers can be disinfected. High humidity in the environment favorably influences germicidal effect. Ozone decomposition is accelerated due to high moisture content, the walls of the storage room, the packaging materials, the absorption effect of the stored goods, and also the oxidation reactions taking place. The ozone generator must have sufficient capacity to maintain ozone at the required level. A strong air movement is required to assure optimum distribution of ozone. The storage space need not be air tight as long as the capacity of the ozone generator is sufficient to replenish the ozone lost through air exchange.

The prerequisite in the control of microorganisms is the maintenance of clean environment. The microbial population of the product and the storage environment determine the storage life of the product. When a food product is exposed to contamination during preparation, handling or storage, large numbers of microorganisms are introduced into the product. In food, micro-organism find a favorable habitat for growth and each new generation of bacteria means a doubling of the population. The result is a breakdown of the food product evidenced by objectionable physical appearance, taste and odor.

There is no compound that can be applied to a dirty surface to destroy all microorganisms. To demonstrate, a good sanitizer was applied liberally to a ditty wail in a food handling plant. This wall had a bacterial population of 28,000,000 organisms on a two-inch square. Five minutes after treatment the wall still had a bacteria count of 11,000,000. Although the contamination had been reduced, the wall was still heavily contaminated A food product entering this storage room had a relatively low surface bacteria count, but in 48 hours the product had a count of 150,000 in a two-inch square. Air examination showed an extremely high bacteria count. Even though multiplication of bacteria might be slowed by low temperature, the product was acquiring high count that would reduce its shelf-life after it left the storage room. If kept for a longer period in storage, its storage life would be considerably shorter than if stored in a room relatively free of contamination.

Fish Storage:

Freshly caught fish can be stored longer if washed in water containing ozone. If it is packed in ice made from water containing ozone. ozonated water frozen and used as packing as shaved ice has a significant increase in storage life. Freshness greatly extended.


Control of surface Microflora:

In a refrigerated atmosphere with ozone, the growth of the surface microflora (pseudomonas families, spores, Salmonellae and staphylococci) is eliminated or retarded.

Forequarters of beef with relatively equal bacteria counts were tested, one in the ozone-treated refrigerator at a concentration of approximately 0.1 PPM of ozone and 60-deg F, and the other under similar conditions except for the lack of ozone. At the end of the test period, the ozone-treated beef had about the same count as at the start, but the untreated beef showed an increase of 600 percent.

Ozone used in beef storage is most efficient if the meat surface has around 60% moisture content.

Beef stored in a cooler under an ozone concentration of 0.04 PPM at 2-deg C, experiences 0.9 to 1.0 percent less shrinkage in three days and 17 percent less in 7 days. Trim loss is reduced by 2.6 to 5.5 percent. This is less shrinkage and trim loss than meat stored under identical conditions but without ozone usage.

The storage life of beef a refrigerated state can be increased by 30 to 40 percent if the beef is kept in an atmosphere of 7.7 to 15 PPM. and the microbial saturation of its surface is not greater than 1000 bacteria per square cm.


Aquaculture: CLICK HERE for more.

improve water quality
faster growth rates
decrease death loss
safe for fish
destroys organics


Cooling Towers: CLICK HERE for more.

3,125 times more germicidal than chlorine
eliminates the use of chemicals except for pH balancing
ends discharge liabilities and chemical storage record keeping
destroys all types of microorganisms instantly
minimizes condenser fouling
decomposes organic waste by oxidation
removes existing calcium carbonate scale by destroying the biomass glue bonding agent
low maintenance costs
no persistent chemicals or disinfectants in bleed - ozone breaks down to oxygen
reduces the corrosion rate of metals, including copper heat exchangers
saves on energy costs by increasing the heat transfer efficiency of the chiller


Fire Restoration with Ozone: CLICK HERE for more.

works fast
instant odor/smoke destruction
ozonate up to 50,000 sq. ft
safe
variable control allows fine-tuning of ozone output for each application
ozone gets into spaces that cleaning cannot


Soil Remediation with Ozone:

12 times more soluble than oxygen in water
Moves easily through the soil
Produced on-site, no need for hazardous chemical transportation or storage
Complex organics break down to carbon dioxide or less toxic molecules
Breaks down to oxygen which increases DO levels
Contaminants Destroyed by Ozone: MTBE, BTEX, Hydrocarbons, Diesel Fuel, TCE , Pesticides, Chlorinated Solvents, VOC's,Aliphatic & Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons


Food Preservation with Ozone: CLICK HERE for more.

Ozone can reduce contamination on food and increase storage life.
The age-enhancing hormone ethylene is instantly destroyed. This reduces spoiling and keeps the food looking fresh.
instantly destroys microbes
eliminates chemical storage
environmentally friendly
stops mold spores
does not affect product taste
no harmful by-products
no harmful by-products
can be used in air and water


Ozone Water Treatment: CLICK HERE for more.

most powerful oxidizer available
instantly destroys bacteria
improves flocculation of iron
environmentally friendly
3,125x more germicidal than chlorine
been used for decades
does not affect product taste
no harmful by-products
reduces sulfur odors


extracts from: - Warren Wood - www.ozonet.com - Oxygen healing therapies - www.oxygenhealingtherapies.com - The Analyst - www.digitalnaturopath.com - Sinuswars - www.sinuswars.com

"This area is for information only, and should not be considered as medical advice. This is an information source only, and are making no health claims. This information is supplied so that you can make an informed decision. Please consult with you health practitioner before considering any therapy or therapy protocols."

   
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